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How to Study the Bible Pt. III

 

How to Study the Bible Pt. III

The Gospel of Matthew

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flickr photo by wonderlane

Here’s a brief overview of the book of Matthew that will help us gain a better understanding as we’re reading the text

Author:

Assumed to be the Apostle Matthew mentioned in Matthew 9:9 and referenced as Levi in Luke 5:27 based on early church tradition

Direct Audience:

Jews who didn’t believe that Jesus was the Messiah spoken of in the Old Testament

Date:

Around A.D. 55-65

Purpose of the text:

To make a defense to the Jews that Jesus is indeed the fulfillment of the OT prophecies concerning a Messiah that would redeem Israel.

Major Themes:

  1. Jesus is the fulfillment of the Old Testament Prophecies which refer to a coming Messiah

  2. Jesus came to bring salvation first to the Jew but also to the Gentiles

  3. The Kingdom of heaven is a present reality and a future hope.

  4. Love Ethic, Matthew makes particular note of Jesus teachings on loving your enemies and praying for those who persecute you.

Literary Elements:

Matthew being a Jew himself, carefully constructed his narrative of the gospel based on his own background and understanding of the Jewish culture in an attempt to reach the Jews. You can see the basis for this by the phrasings he used as well as what he decided to portray from Jesus life as opposed to the other gospels.

Matthew doesn’t use the term “Kingdom of God” but rather “Kingdom of Heaven” The reason behind this was because of Matthews upbringing as a Jew and his Jewish audience, they held such a high reverence of the term God, and Gods name: “Yahweh” that they would write it as “YHWH” or not write the term at all, hence excluding the term God and substituting it for heaven. Being sensitive to this issue in trying to reach his audience he uses the term “heaven” as opposed to Mark, Luke and John who all use the term “God”.

Matthew also opens up his Gospel with the lineage of Jesus to make a strong defense to the Jews that Jesus comes from the bloodline of David. This was of highest importance to the Jews because the OT prophets all spoke of the Messiah in terms of his descent from the davicid dynasty and him being the continuation of the davidic rule which was established as a kingdom that would have no end.

In addition, Matthew has the most references to Old Testament passages regarding the Messiah to show that Jesus is indeed the Christ.

Matthews mention of Jesus teachings in the Sermon on the Mount, another example of Matthew showing Jesus as being in harmony with the OT and further supporting his role as the OT messiah.

Portrait of Jesus in Matthew:

Davidic Messiah/Son of David

Authoritative on Earth

Suffering Servant

Royal but Humble

Background on Matthew:

As we can infer from Luke 5:27 and Matthew 9:9, Matthew was a tax collector. Tax collectors in Biblical times were usually of Jewish citizenship but employed by Rome. They had a reputation for extorting their fellow jewish citizens for more than the Roman law required and keeping the extra amount. They were domineering and dishonest, despised by other jews and marginalized with the prostitutes, lepers, ‘sinners’, and gentiles. The Roman empire forceably and  violently subjugated the Jewish culture to their governing, and the taxation Matthew collected would’ve went to paying the Roman army to ensure that it stayed that way. To say that the Jewish culture had a disdian and disgust for tax collectors, for seeing their brethern behave in such a way would be putting it lightly. Matthew in spending time with Jesus and writing his gospel thereafter would’ve done so through the lens of being abhorred by society but embraced by the foretold Messiah. He would’ve had a particularly vivid picture of what it looked like for the sinner to be forgiven and welcomed into the family God.

 

Online Bible College. How to Study the Bible Pt. II

Online Bible College. How to Study the Bible Pt. II

IMAGINE That I placed you in a part of the world you weren’t familiar with and told you: “Now do it!” There’s a chance you’d feel confused and helpless.
china_street Photo by: Alexander Synaptic, Flickr

If we’re honest  that’s how it can feel sometimes when we read the bible. Where are we? How did we get here? Where am I supposed to be going? And what am I even looking for? The scriptures can feel like a foreign landscape with an overwhelming amount of subtle and not so subtle nuances.

FIRST OFF

There’s at least 4 layers that affect how you read the text

1) YOU – the reader(and indirect audience) with your own worldviews, assumptions, presuppositions, predispositions mixed in with cultural, historical and ethnic background and upbringing

2) THEY – The immediate authors of the book(i.e. Moses, Prophets, Paul) with their own worldviews, backgrounds, etc.

3) THEM – The direct audience that the immediate author was trying to reach(i.e. The Nation of Israel, the Jews, the Gentiles, etc.)

4) GOD – the primary author, being God and what he intended to communicate from His heart and mind about His perfect will to an imperfect people.

Stop right there

unnamed That means in some cases the author(Paul for example) was writing to an intended audience(like the Corinthians) and each party had different ethnic backgrounds, cultural backgrounds, educational backgrounds,historical backgrounds, worldviews, and not to mention the purpose behind why Paul was writing to them in the first place..

  • Did the Corinthians warrant a letter from Paul?
  • How or Why does Paul know the Corinthians to write to them in the first place?
  • Was Paul writing the letter simply for the sake of keeping in touch?

I know, I know.

Just thinking about all of those unknowns sounds stressful, but finding these answerswill benefit us tremendously.

With authors we can’t relate too, speaking to an audience we aren’t kindred with, literary devices that are contextual to a culture we’re absolute strangers from, and historical context that we’d need research to understand, getting a grasp of what’s happening in any given book can be an intimidating task.

Needless to say, you’ll need a bit of help.

A good place to start is a study bible, a personal favorite of mine is the ESV study bible.It starts each book with a ‘book introduction’ that touches on:

  • Author
  • Date
  • Place of writing
  • Major themes of the book
  • How the book fits in with rest of scripture
  • Maps
  • Outlines of each narrative
  • Notes from commentaries

Having these handful of questions answered, we can often approach the Scripture with a deeper enjoyment due simply to the fact that we have a better understanding.

 

Online Bible College on How to Study the Bible

 

Online Bible College on How to Study the Bible

How to: Study the Bible Part I

 

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Lets start with the elephant in the room: “I don’t WANT to read my bible”

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Personal Confession:

It wasn’t until the last year or so that I actually developed a desire to read the bible – and even still it’s a discipline. But even after having walked with God for 4-5 years, I felt this undeniable magnetic pull away from reading, it felt like a chore. At a certain point I told God:

I know I should read your Word but I don’t want too…help me, give me the desire”.

It wasn’t until multiple prayer deposits later that I began to develop an affection and craving for the Scripture. Even still it’s something I have to hold myself responsible for. However after making myself carve time in my schedule for it and praying that God would change my heart to be affectionate for his Word – like a muscle that was being exercised I began to notice a change in my appetite for wanting to read God’s Word and a satisfaction in spending time there.

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  If that statement resonates with you, don’t lose heart!

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 exhaustedrunner

 

 

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Here are some videos on Bible Study that encouraged me personally, enjoy!

 

God Wrote a Book

Don’t Ignore Your Bible

 The Bible is Not a Map for Life

 Read Your Bible Cover to Cover

 Should you force yourself to read the Bible?

 The Importance of God’s Word